the library scan (digitize) materials into a database to share with
A: No. This act would constitute "systematic
Q: May a copy of an interlibrary loan article be
placed on library reserve?
A: No. An article obtained through interlibrary
loan belongs to the person who requested it and may be used for personal
Q: May a library retain copies of articles it
received for interlibrary loan patrons?
A: No, not without permission from the copyright
holder and payment of royalty fees.
Q: Can a library make a copy of an article or other
contribution to a collective work such as an anthology for a patron?
A: Yes, under the following conditions:
becomes the property of the patron.
The copy is
for purposes of private study, scholarship, or not-for-profit
place where the library accepts ILL orders, it posts a notice of
copyright as follows:
WARNING CONCERNING COPYRIGHT RESTRICTIONS
The copyright laws of the United States (Title 17, United
States Code) governs the making of photocopies and other
reproductions of copyrighted material.
Under certain conditions specified by law, libraries and
archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or
One of these specific conditions is that the photocopy or
reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other
than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user
makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or
reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use,"
that user may be liable for copyright infringement.
This institution reserve the right to refuse to accept a
copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order
would involve violation of copyright law.
The ILL request form
contains the above notice.
a college professor reproduce an entire article from a scholarly journal
for use by her or his class?
A: Yes, if the conditions of brevity, spontaneity,
and cumulative effect are met.
Q: May a professor make copies of an article from a
journal in the library collection to place on reserve?
A: Yes. Photocopying the article would be fair
Q: Can material photocopied for the fall semester
of a course be used again in the spring semester of the course?
A: No. The theory is that if in the first
semester, the material was useful enough that the faculty desires to
repeat its use, the faculty would have adequate time to obtain
permission to reproduce the work.
Q: May a professor make photocopies of a workbook
or standardized test for use in preparing the class for an upcoming
A: No. Workbooks, exercises, standardized tests,
test booklets and answer guides are consumables, and their reproduction
is not fair use.
Q: If a professor teaches two sections of the same
course, may the same material be photocopied for both sections?
A: Yes, provided the copy is legally obtained or
falls under the fair use exemption.